Will MRI replace the EEG for the diagnosis of nonconvulsive status epilepticus, especially focal?


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can now be used to diagnose or to provide confirmation of focal nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). Approximately half of patients with status epilepticus (SE) have signal changes. MRI can also aid in the differential diagnosis with generalized NCSE when there is a clinical or EEG doubt, e.g. with metabolic/toxic encephalopathies or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.