A new clinical algorithm for the diagnosis of pediatric autoimmune encephalitis

Takeaway

  • Diagnosis of pediatric autoimmune encephalitis should be based on clinical history and presentation, as well as autoantibody testing.

Why this matters

    Diagnosis of pediatric autoimmune encephalitis is difficult because of normal behavior changes and the inability of very young children to describe their symptoms. This algorithm, which has been adapted from adult versions, can guide diagnostic workup and optimize early initiation of therapy.